Material Relating to the West Indies from the Senhouse Papers : 1762 - 1831.
|Call Number:||HIL-MICL FC LFR .S4J6P3|
|Creator:||Senhouse, Joseph, Sir, fl.1770-1790, and Senhouse, William, 1741-1800.|
|Description:||2 microfilm textual records () ; 35 mm|
William Senhouse (b. 1741) and his brother Joseph (later Sir Joseph Senhouse) were the sons of Humphry and Mary Senhouse of Netherhall, near Maryport, Cumberland, England. After their early education, both men spent several years at sea; William as a midshipman in the Royal Navy from 1755-1769, and Joseph as a midshipman in the India trade. In 1770, William Senhouse was appointed surveyor-general of customs in Barbados and the Windward and Leeward Islands. This entitled him ex officio to a seat in the Council of Barbados and other governments named in his commission. Joseph Senhouse left his brother at Barbados in 1771 for Dominica to prepare for his new appointment as collector of customs. Shortly thereafter he purchased land, grew coffee with the labour of enslaved people, and built a plantation named "Lowther Hall." He was appointed comptroller of customs in 1774. During the period of the American Revolution when Dominica was occupied by the French, Joseph was appointed by his brother, William, in 1776 to the office of collector of customs at Bridgetown, Barbados. In 1779, Joseph left the Islands and returned to England for good. He resided in Carlisle where he was elected mayor of the city. Later, through the influence of the family benefactor, Sir James Lowther, 5th Baronet and member of Parliament for Carlisle, he received a Knighthood. Meanwhile, William Senhouse remained in Barbados and continued with his duties until the customs office there was abolished in 1787. From that time until his death, his focus became the improvement of his extensive sugar plantations where he and his wife, Mary Samson Wood, raised a large family, and he lived the life of a prosperous gentleman planter. He had bought the sugar plantation named "the Grove" in St. Philip's Parish.
This microfilm edition of the Senhouse Papers consists of the records of Joseph Senhouse and his brother William, but primarily from Joseph. They contain memoirs; letter books; several waste books and account books under the categories as private trade, cash books, plantation journals and ledgers, and customs accounts; observations; maps; leases; plantation estimates; memorandum books; and a marriage settlement. The records document the brothers' experiences as customs officers and planters in the British West Indies. Plantation and "slave" records make up a substantial portion of the Papers. The Papers provide a glimpse into the social and economic life of the West Indies, before, during, and immediately following the American Revolution. General topics include colonial public officials, agriculture, slavery, race, Black history, health and welfare, geography, natural history, weather and natural disasters, travel and description, leisure, ships, shipping, privateering, commerce, and trade.
|Originals:||The original records are held by the Carlisle Record Office (now Carlisle Archive Centre, Cumbria County Council).|
|Archival Ref. No.:|
Online: The finding aid, prepared by Richard B. Sheridan, University of Kansas, found on the microfilm was used in writing the background information and the numbered list of contents in this catalogue record. The finding aid also contains a bibliography. Note that the document numbers are not evident on the film and documents were not filmed in chronological order. Available online from Microform Academic Publishers. Electronic (See Electronic Finding Aid section): 1. A subject-specific finding aid detailing material relating to privateering is available digitally. 2. Item number 5, "Memoirs of Dominica..." by Joseph Senhouse in 1772 - typed transcription is available digitally.
|Electronic Finding Aid Record:||
Privateers in the Senhouse Papers.pdf
|Notes:||The Senhouse Papers is one of several titles in the series, British Records Relating to America in Microform, which are published under the auspices of the British Association for American Studies by Microform Limited.|