Letters of Marque : Declarations Against France, Spain, and the United Provinces (HCA 26/33-59) : 1777 - 1783.
|Call Number:||HIL-MICL FC LMR .G7A3L4F7|
|Creator:||Great Britain. High Court of Admiralty.|
|Description:||8 microfilm textual records (27 volumes) ; 35 mm|
Letters of marque were commissions issued during wartime by the Lord High Admiral or Commissioners acting on his behalf, permitting privately owned vessels to be operated as privateers or as armed merchantmen. Before 1739, Orders in Council provided the authority for issuing letters of marque, but after that date an Act of Parliament passed at the beginning of a war was required before letters of marque could be issued. At the time of the American Revolution, the act was passed in 1777 that gave the Lord High Admiral the authority to issue Letters of Marque.
The collection contains twenty-seven volumes of declarations for letters of marque issued by Great Britain against France, Spain, and the United Provinces (Dutch Republic)during the American Revolution preserved in High Court of Admiralty 26, Volumes 33-59. Individual declarations detail ship owners, ship type, commanders, cargoes, supplies, armaments, ports of origin, crews (gunner, boatswain, carpenter, cook, surgeon, etc.) and voyage plans. Larger subjects include law, commerce, foreign relations, shipping, war, and the American Revolution. The records are organized in three chronological sequences beginning with the entry of each country into the war and ending with the effective end of the war at sea in January 1783. The declarations against France are recorded on four reels beginning on 15 August 1778 and ending on 20 January 1783. The two reels of declarations against Spain begin on 6 June 1779 and also end on 20 January 1783. The declarations against the Dutch comprise the third chronological sequence, also on two reels, and date from 26 December 1780 until 20 January 1783.
|Originals:||The original records are held by The National Archives in London.|
|Archival Ref. No.:||TNA HCA 26/33-59.|
Detailed introductory material prepared by Walter Minchinton and David Starkey of the University of Exeter has been microfilmed at the beginning of the first reel of film. It consists of a section on provenance, an essay on the history, purpose and content of a Letter of Marque, a section of background information and statistical tables specific to the Letters of Marque against France, Spain and the United Provinces, a table of contents and a bibliography.
|Electronic Finding Aid Record:||
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 1 Index Vols 33 to 35.pdf
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 2 Index Vols 36 to 38.pdf
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 3 Index Vols 39 to 41.pdf
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 4 Index Vols 43 to 44.pdf
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 5 Index Vols 45 to 48.pdf
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 6 Index Vols 49 to 52.pdf
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 7 Index Vols 53 to 56.pdf
Letters of Marque France Spain UP Reel 8 Index Vols 57 to 59.pdf
Letters of Marque Against France Spain UP Shelf List and Contents .pdf
The Letters of Marque : Declarations against France, Spain and the United Provinces :
1777-1783, is one of several titles in the series, British Records Relating to America in Microform, which are published under the auspices of the British Association for
American Studies by Microform Limited.
Researchers may wish to consult the companion series, Letters of Marque : Declarations Against America : 1777-1783, which is available in the Loyalist Collection and shelved at the following number: MIC-Loyalist FC LMR .G7A3L4A4.
The excellent introductory material provided by the editors of this series has been the source of much useful information in the preparation of this Inventory description.