Letters and Papers : 1812 - 1834.

Call Number: HIL-MICL FC LFR .C3A7L4
Category: Family
Creator: Campbell, Archibald, Sir, 1769-1843.
Description: 1 microfilm textual records () ; 35 mm
            Archibald Campbell was born in Glen Lyon, Scotland, the son of a British army captain, Archibald Campbell, Sr. and his wife Margaret Small.   In 1787, Archibald Campbell Jr. enlisted as an ensign in the 77th Regiment of Foot, later transferring to the 38th Foot, and advanced through the ranks of the British army while serving in the East Indies, Scotland,  Guernsey, Spain, Portugal, India and Burma.   By 1825, he had risen to the rank of major general.   After his return to England from Burma in 1829, he was appointed lieutenant governor of New Brunswick, and created a baronet on 30 September 1831. Campbell assumed control of the administration of New Brunswick from William Black on 8 September 1831. During the first years of his tenure, he attempted to improve the discipline and effectiveness of the militia, but without adequate funds from either the British Government or the Assembly, his efforts had little effect.   In connection with his concern for the state of the militia as well as for the defence of the colony, he began the construction of a road, known as the "Royal Road", from Fredericton to Grand Falls, in order to facilitate the movement of troops and settlers into the northern part of the colony where the Americans had become a threat to the Madawaska settlements.   Other disputes with the Assembly over land granting policy and crown revenues continued thoughtout his administration, and in May of 1837, his resignation was accepted by the British government.   Sir John Harvey was transferred from Prince Edward Island to New Brunswick to succeed him as lieutenant-governor. In 1838, Campbell was commissioned a lieutenant-general and  appointed commander in-chief in Bombay, only to be forced to resign because of ill health. He died in Edinburgh on 6 October 1843.            
            The letters and other records in this small collection contain correspondence from Sir Howard Douglas to Sir Walter Scott;  Sir Howard Douglas to Lieutenant- General Sir George Murray;  and Sir Archibald Campbell to Sir George Murray;  along with instructions, and a Report on the State of Communication from the Banks of the River St. Lawrence to the Great Falls on the River St. John, by Capt. John Maule, an officer of the 104th Regiment, 8 August 1812.             
Originals: The original records are held by the National Library of Scotland.
Archival Ref. No.: NLS MS 3906, folio 182 - 189; MS 3897, folio 93-93; MS 924, folio 121-124; MS 46.3.4, folio 104-105; MS 46.4.1, folio 166-167; MS 47.5.2, folio 57, 58-61.
Finding Aids:
            A brief table of contents is located at the beginning of the reel.

The table of contents is available in print.
Electronic Finding Aid Record: Campbell Archibald Letters and Papers Shelf List.pdf
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