Minutes : 1789-1841.

Call Number: HIL-MICL FC LPR .N4C6S4Y6M5
Category: New Brunswick
Creator: New Brunswick. Court of General Quarter Sessions of the Peace (York County).
Description: 2 microfilm textual records () ; 35 mm
            York County was one of the original eight counties that were established when New Brunswick was set off as a separate jurisdiction from Nova Scotia in 1784.  The county was divided into the parishes of Fredericton, Kingsclear, Prince William, St. Mary's, Queensbury, Northampton and Woodstock.   The northern portion of the county remained unassigned.  In 1831, Northampton, Woodstock, and unassigned lands, were set off from York County to form Carleton County.            
            The Minutes of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace provide a detailed record of the proceedings of the Court as it dealt with both criminal and civil matters.   The names of the presiding judges, as well as the list of persons proclaimed as Grand Jurors, are included in the Minutes of each sitting of the Court.   Lists of both Grand Jury and Petit Jury defaulters are frequently included as well.   In civil matters, the Minutes record the appointment, for each year, of all parish officials, and the names of those individuals who have been granted retail and tavern licences.   In addition, there are petitions from the Sessions Court to the Legislature;   reports from the committee of public accounts;   assessments for the poor;   petitions to the council from groups and individuals on many topics;   a record of payments by the Court to individuals for services rendered to the county;   a list of parish schools, which includes the teacher's name, length of the school session and the number of students;  committee appointees and reports;   and numerous orders and regulations that were issued by the Court in the conduct of county affairs. 

Reel 1 contains the earliest records of the Court of General Sessions for York County that have survived. The Minutes date from January of 1789 and continue until June of 1817.

Reel 2 begins with three unrelated pages, including the first page of the 1789 Minutes. The pages are followed by the Minutes of the Court for 1818-1827, which has been called Volume 2; and the years 1828-1839, which has been designated Volume 3. The first two years of Volume 4, 1840-1841, have been microfilmed at the end of the reel. The remainder of Volume 4, 1842-1850, is microfilmed on a separate reel, which is not included in the Loyalist Collection.

Originals: The original records are held by the Provincial Archives of New Brunswick.
Archival Ref. No.: PANB RS 160.
Finding Aids:
            There is no separate finding aid to this material, but the volumes on Reel 2 contain internal indexes which provide subject access to both Reel 1 and Reel 2.
Electronic Finding Aid Record:
Notes: On the first page of the Minutes for 1789, there is a statement made before the Court by the clerk, Beverley Robinson, Jr., in which he states that on 13 October 1788, his house and all Court records and papers were destroyed by fire. It can, therefore, be assumed that this event explains why the earliest Minutes of the Court of General Sessions of the Peace for York County that have been found, do not begin until January 1789.
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