The collection consists of 13 Notebooks, 12 April 1776 - 2 March 1782, belonging to Lieutenant, later Captain, John Peebles of the 42nd, or Royal Highland Regiment during the American Revolution.
The Notebooks begin on Reel 1 with Peebles' journal describing his voyage from Greenock to New York via Boston and Halifax on board a troop transport from 12 April - 4 August 1776. The Notebooks follow his military experiences with the Regiment in a chronological order: a journal of operations in the vicinity of New York; the expedition to Rhode Island and operations in New Jersey; operations under General Cornwallis in the vicinity of Philadelphia; operations in the vicinity of New York; the evacuation of Philadelphia; the expedition to Charleston and the siege and capture of Charleston; the return to Staten Island; operations in the vicinity of New York and reports of the desertion from the Americans of General Benedict Arnold and the hanging of Major Andre by the Americans; and the abortive expedition for the relief of General Cornwallis and his army at Yorktown.
Reel 2 contains correspondence and documents relevant to the American Revolution. Included are an indenture for servitude of a negro boy; a bundle of abstracts and accounts of Captain Peebles' company of the 42nd Regiment; a copy of the proceedings of a Treaty held at Easton, Pennsylvania between commissioners on behalf of the United States and a number of Indian chiefs on behalf of the Six Nation Indians; a note on the line of battle of the fleet under the command of Admiral Thomas Graves, Sandy Hook; a copy of a letter published in the Antigua Chronicle, criticizing the way in which the war in America was being waged; and a number of commissions, letters and other documents.