Claims, American Loyalists : Series I I (AO 13) : 1780 - 1835.

Call Number: MIC-Loyalist FC LPR .G7A9C5L7
Category: Great Britain
Creator: Great Britain. Audit Office.
Description: 145 microfilm textual records (140 volumes) ; 35 mm
            Audit Office 13 contains the second series of papers relating to claims for compensation submitted by persons who had suffered losses in the American Revolution because of their loyalty to the British crown.  The bundles contain the original memorials, certificates, accounts and vouchers of the various claimants as presented to the Commission.  Five bundles are known to be missing from the Series as a result of the robbery at Somerset House in London where the records were stored before being transferred to the Public Record Office.            
            The Claims in Series II are similar to those in Series I, although there are names which appear in one Series and not in the other.  In Series II, beside the original memorials and schedules of losses, there are many other documents.  They include wills; deeds; land survey plans; drawings of buildings; indentures; certificates; accounts; pamphlets; newspaper clippings; letters; and many other relevant documents.  The bundles are arranged quite differently from those in AO 12.

Volumes 1-10 relate to Army and Navy supplies.

Succeeding volumes have headings such as claims; new claims; temporary assistance; letters; claims too late; various papers; and others. The basic arrangement, under each category, is by colony, in which the losses occurred, and following that the claims are arranged alphabetically by the names of the claimants. As this alphabetical arrangement is not reliable after the initial letter of the alphabet, it is often difficult to determine which reel of microfilm should be consulted for a particular claim. Researchers should be aware that papers relating to a particular claim may contain a number of documents bearing completely different names, which are not indexed. Also, papers relating to the same claim may be found in different bundles.

For this particular series, it is important for researchers to consult the finding aids in addition to the indexes.

For claims relating to HEALTH AND MEDICINE
1. Use the indexes and corresponding abstracts in American Loyalist Claims (HIL-MICGDL E277 .C624) to search the terms "hospitals", "military" (subsection "invalids"), and "navy" (subsection "hospitals").
2. Additionally, browse the abstracts looking for claims referring to: doctors, druggists, surgeons, sickness, smallpox, wounded, hospital names, military injuries, loss of limbs, "poverty and sickness", loss of vision, and mental health. Doctors, druggists, and surgeons claims may include business losses, which may note lost medical supplies or profits. The following cases sample the wide array of health and wellness issues faced by the Loyalists:

  • Chilson, Berriah (page 88 – smallpox)
  • Finlayson, Henry (page 155 – mental illness)
  • McCaw, James (page 303 – invalid wife and children sick with smallpox)

Originals: The original documents are held by The National Archives, London.

Library and Archives Canada holds a microfilm copy.

Archival Ref. No.: PRO AO 13 and NAC MG 14, AO 13.
Finding Aids:
            An inventory description and microfilm shelf list are available on microfilm and in print. 

Library and Archives Canada microfilm shelf list does not correspond with the bundles and reel numbers on microfilm in the Loyalist Collection. A separate finding aid has been prepared for the Loyalist Collection microfilm reels.

An index by surname is available on the first reel of microfilm.

A separate name index, prepared by the National Archives of Canada, is available on microfilm and is shelved at MIC-Loyalist FC LPR .G7A9C5L6 Index.

An Index to Series II, American Loyalist Claims, compiled by Clifford S. Dwyer, Defuniak Springs, Fl: Ram, 1985, is available in print.

NAC Finding Aid 90: British Records on Microfilm is available on microfiche and is shelved with the Loyalist Collection Finding Aids. It provides a microfilm shelf list for the National Archives of Canada microfilm reels. PLEASE NOTE: references found in abstracts and indexes provide the series number, volume, and page number. For example: 13/130/293-294, refers to Audit Office 13, volume 130, documents 293-294. This reference can be found on film by using the Microfilm Shelf List in the corresponding red Loyalist Collection Inventory binder to find the reel number of each volume. Once on the reel, proceed to the corresponding volume and document number. Volume numbers are listed on a bar beside each document. Document numbers are located in the upper corner of individual pages

Electronic Finding Aid Record:
Notes: Researchers should consult the companion series, Great Britain. AO 12. Claims, American Loyalists: Series I, which is available in the Loyalist Collection and shelved at MIC-Loyalist FC LPR .G7A9C5L6. The Loyalist Collection Inventory description for this series should be consulted for additional related material.
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